According to the 2001 Census, Brighton & Hove is home to just over 14,200 people from non-white ethnic groups. which is 5.7% of the city’s population, just above the regional figure (4.9%) but well below the average for England (9.1%). However, the population profile of the city has changed rapidly in the last 9 years. It is estimated that 15% of the city’s residents were born outside the UK, with BME groups estimated to have increased in size by 35%. Brighton and Hove is also a destination for migrants from other parts of Europe; Poles and Spaniards being the most populous European communities. This growing minority ethnic population has brought with it a blend of different religions, cultures and lifestyles living together.
Black and Minority Ethnic Community Partnership (BMECP), an Uni Network partner, is deeply involved in supporting the city's growing BME population. More details of BMECP's programme of work in Brighton and Hove can be found here.
Bracknell Forest lies 28 miles west of London, at the heart and within the county of Berkshire. It covers 109 sq km of central Berkshire and includes the former New Town of the Thames Valley. Bracknell, together with the village of Crowthorne and Sandhurst town, along with a number of smaller villages and settlements. Bracknell Forest’s population is 113,500 (2007 estimate). Between 1991 and 2001, this grew twice as fast as the average for South East England (14% compared to 7%). 9.4% of Bracknell Forest’s population are from black and minority ethnic communities. Since 2001 the number of school pupils from minority ethnic backgrounds grew from 6.1% to 14% in 2007. There are significant minority ethnic communities in wards such as College Town, Crown Wood, Wildridings and Central Bracknell. There are sixty-four different nationalities registered to vote in the borough, the largest being South African.
Bracknell Forest LIDP 2008-2011
Buckinghamshire is an administrative, geographic, and historic county of southern England. It stretches from the River Thames in the south and the outskirts of London in the southeast across the ridge of chalk upland known as the Chiltern Hills, thence across the fertile Vale of Aylesbury and a low sandy ridge to the valley of the River Great Ouse in the north. The administrative county comprises four districts: Aylesbury Vale, Chiltern, South Bucks, and Wycombe. The geographic county also includes the unitary authority of Milton Keynes.
Buckinghamshire has a population of 479,000 people living in 188,000 households, according to the 2001 Census. Almost a third of these residents live in the two main towns of High Wycombe and Aylesbury. Just over a third of Buckinghamshire’s residents live in rural areas compared to an average of 22% across the South East.
According to the 2001 Census, 8% of the population comes from a non-white ethnic background (Black or Minority Ethnic Groups (BME)) and 92% from a white ethnic background. More recent estimates suggest that this figure is 10%, compared to 11% nationally. These more recent estimates suggest that Asian/ Asian-British make up the largest proportion of the non-white ethnic groups in Buckinghamshire comprising 5.4% of the population, followed by people who are Black or Black British (1.8%), and people of mixed heritage (1.6%).
Buckinghamshire LIDP 2008-2011
Hampshire and the Isle of Wight is a diverse area with significant concentrations of employment and people in the urban areas of Southampton and Portsmouth, large rural areas in parts of Hampshire and on the Isle of Wight, and a relatively prosperous economy in Mid and North Hampshire. This sub-region has a population of over 1.8 million. The ethnic minority population in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight is at around 3.1%, the largest of which is in Southampton (11.3%) and Portsmouth (8.7%), according to ONS estimates.
A needs analysis of Caribbean and African people living within North Hampshire in particular Basingstoke by Obrey Alexis of the North Hampshire Caribbean and African Network (NHCAN)
Southampton has a range of cultures and ethnic groups, which make up the estimated 228,600 people living within the city boundary. There is a large Polish population in the city, with estimates as high as 20,000, or 1 in every 11 of the total population. Southampton also has large Asian and Irish communities. At the 2001 Census, 3.8 per cent of the city's population was South Asian, 1.0 per cent Black, 1.3 per cent Chinese or other ethnic groups, and 1.5 per cent were of mixed race. Between 1996 and 2004, Southampton's population increased by 4.9 per cent - the tenth biggest increase in England. In 2005 Southampton became the third most densely populated city in the country, after London and Portsmouth respectively. Hampshire County Council expects the city's population to grow by around a further two per cent between 2006 and 2013. In 2006 Southampton's BME population was estimated to be 11.3% of its total population.
Report on Ethnicity in Southampton: 2001 Census
Profile of mixed wards in Southampton
The proportion of people of BME origin living in Kent is lower than both the national and regional average. In 2006, 5.8% of residents in Kent were of BME origin compared to the England average of 11.3% and the South East average of 7.4%. In 2006, Gravesham Borough had the largest number of people from BME backgrounds. 12,200 residents were of BME origin, which was equivalent to 12.5% of all residents in Gravesham. Dartford also has a large BME population. Together, Dartford and Gravesham account for just over 20% of the county’s BME population. People of Indian origin represented the largest BME group in Kent in 2006.
Ethnic population estimates in Kent in 2006 MYEE1/08 – October 2008
With an area of 1,006 square miles, and home to over 632,000 residents, Oxfordshire is a beautiful and diverse county offering superb countryside including the famous Cotswolds, the Chilterns, the North Wessex Downs, and the Cherwell Valley. Oxfordshire is the most rural county in the South East region with over 50% of people in Oxfordshire living in settlements in small towns and villages.
Like most places in South East England, people of ethnic minority background make up about 5 percent of Oxfordshire’s population. The largest ethnic minority group within Oxfordshire are of Asian or Asian British origin (1.7 per cent). The majority of the ethnic minority communities live in the urban areas of Oxford, where their population is about 16 percent –well above regional, national and county averages. With over a hundred and fifty thousand inhabitants, Oxford is ethnically and culturally diverse, and has the third highest minority ethnic population in the South East.
With 27% of Oxford’s population from an ethnic minority group, including 16.2% from a non-white ethnic minority group, Oxford has the region’s second highest proportion of people born outside the UK. Oxford also has the highest White Irish population in the South East.
Oxfordshire LIDP 2008-2011
Reading's Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) population is over 13% of the total population of about 150,000. Of the BME communities the largest non-white community is Pakistani followed by Caribbean and Indian. Reading has the third highest proportion of Black and Minority Ethnic (BME) residents in the South East, after London and Slough. A high proportion of BME people live in the poorest wards which include Park (25.2%), Battle (21.1%) and Abbey (20%). Although no official statistics are available BME communities are much more likely to suffer health, housing, social and educational inequalities than the general population.
Reading Borough Council Sustainable Economic Development Strategy 2006 – 2009
Preventing Violent Extremism in Reading- Action Plan
West Sussex is home to some 770,000 people. It consists of 5 district councils and 2 borough councils: Adur, Arun, Chichester, Horsham, Mid-Sussex, Crawley and Worthing. It is the tenth most populated local authority area in England. People from Black and Minority Ethnic groups make up 9% of West Sussex’s population, while Crawley has the highest minority ethnic people in the county, mainly of Indian and Pakistani origin. 18% of Crawley’s 100,000 residents are from BME backgrounds.
Ethnicity and Religion in West Sussex: information from the 2001 Census
Demographic information (population size, age, ethnicity, religion, marital status, birth rate, death rate, and household data), Indices of Multiple Deprivation statistics, and unemployment figures of Adur and Worthing districts: A Community Profile for Adur District and Worthing Borough Councils 2008
Wokingham District is an affluent area, scoring very low in the Government’s Indices of Multiple Deprivation, although there are a small number of “pockets” with significant problems. Property prices are high and there is a large proportion of the population that commutes to work outside of the district (Approximately 43%). The district has a large number of international and national corporate organisations, but again, a significant number of the employees live outside the district, which creates an environment of low community spirit and poor corporate social responsibility.
Wokingham's ethnic minority population stood at 10.19% of 150, 229, in 2001. This has risen significantly since then, according to official statistics, reaching 12.5% in 2004. 3.8% are South Asian, 1.5% Black, 1.5% Mixed Race and 1.5% Chinese or Other. Wokingham has the largest settled GRT community in the South East region and has eleven camps for travellers which are used constantly.
Wokingham LIDP 2008-2014